Khiva is the only fully preserved ancient city on the Great Silk Road. This ancient city, founded about 2.5 thousand years ago, is called sometimes even the ``eighth wonder of the world.`` By the number of historical and architectural monuments preserved in its original form, it occupies one of the leading places not only in Uzbekistan, but also in the world.
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The legend of the city tells that it grew around the Hayvak well, water had an amazing taste, and the well was dug up by order of Shem – the son of the biblical Noah.
Khiva was surrounded by two rows of walls – Ichan-Kala (inner city) and Dishan-Kala (outer city). The walls of Ichan-Kala were erected in the 5th-4th centuries BC. In Ichan-Kala (the inner city of Khiva), you can still see this well. Khiva was one of the cities of ancient Khorezm, which was a large state located in the west of Central Asia, south of the Aral Sea.
The historic inner city of Khiva, surrounded by powerful walls, the pearl of the Khorezm oasis, has been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.