The first, as well as the world's largest cosmodrome, is located in Kazakhstan. The city of Baikonur and the spaceport together form the Baikonur complex, which consists of fifteen launch complexes for launching spacecrafts and four are for testing intercontinental ballistic missiles, 11 assembly and test buildings and other infrastructure.
For many decades, the Baikonur Cosmodrome has been and still is the most important platform in the world for launching spacecrafts. It was all here: the first manned space flight, the launch of the first artificial satellite, the orbital stations, as well as other spacecrafts, to this day plowing the vastness of the solar system. There is no doubt that visiting the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan is among the first places – this trip will leave the most unique memories.
The first artificial Earth satellite and the first manned spacecraft were launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome, Voskhod and Soyuz spacecraft series were launched. Orbital stations of the Salyut and Mir series, the reusable system Energia – Buran, and artificial Earth satellites.
Today, the Baikonur complex can offer excursion programs to the cosmodrome during the year, as well as a unique opportunity to witness the manned launch of the Soyuz launch vehicle. Dates of a possible visit to Baikonur are fixed and are announced in advance. The proposed programs, tailored to the launch of the launch vehicle, can be for 3, 4 and 6 days. The closest launch date for 2020 is April 9th.
The spaceport was built during the Soviet Union and was used as the main spaceport until the Soviet State’s collapse. After, the spaceport passed into the possession of the independent Republic of Kazakhstan. Now, although the complex is located in Kazakhstan, it is leased by Russia for the period until 2050. And on the territory of the complex, Russian laws apply.